What is Weight loss Surgery?

weight loss surgery

Obesity affects two of very three people. For those morbidly obese patients, dieting and exercise just doesn’t work. Their excessive weight adversely affects their quality of life and that of their families. They are in constant discomfort with aching joints and backs. They are high risk candidates to develop heart disease, diabetes or cancer. For them bariatric surgery which is a weight loss surgery is their only hope, and their last resort.

Bariatric surgery, a broad term that covers several types of gastric and intestinal surgeries. It works by either reducing the size of the stomach to limit calorie intake or by decreasing the amount of calories the body can absorb by surgically altering the small intestine. Examples of bariatric surgery include gastric bypass, gastric banding (lap-band, realize band), duodenal switch, gastric sleeve or roux-en-y procedures.

These Bariatric procedures can be life saving for may with long term studies showing that 23% up to 40% increase their mortality rate. Many other health issue either disappear or significantly improve with weightless.

Adjustable_gastric_banding

Diagram of an adjustable gastric banding

Adjustable gastric band
The restriction of the stomach also can be created using a silicone band, which can be adjusted by addition or removal of saline through a port placed just under the skin. This operation can be performed laparoscopically, and is commonly referred to as a “lap band”. Weight loss is predominantly due to the restriction of nutrient intake that is created by the small gastric pouch and the narrow outlet.  It is considered one of the safest procedures performed today with a mortality rate of 0.05%.

Vertical banded gastroplasty

Vertical_banded

Diagram of a Vertical banded gastroplasty

Is also known as stomach stapling, is a restrictive operation for weight control. Both a band and staples are used to create a small stomach pouch. In the bottom of the pouch is an approximate one-centimeter hole through which the pouch contents can flow into the remainder of the stomach and thence onto the remainder of the gastrointestinal tract.

Many severely overweight people are able to lose a significant amount of weight and maintain their results with changes in diet and exercise. Others who have tried, but have had little success with various weight loss programs, find a solution with bariatric surgery.

Dramatic weight loss, however, can cause other types of aesthetic problems. Patients are often left with loose, sagging skin that no longer has the elasticity to conform to a slimmer shape. While the body shrinks, the skin does not usually shrink to fit the new slimmer shape.

Bariatric surgery, causes sudden and massive weight loss by changing the body’s physiology. It takes about a year for the body to adjust to its hampered ability to absorb calories and nutrition. It is recommended to wait one year after a bariatric procedure before undergoing plastic surgery. This give the body time to learn how to absorb vital nutrients necessary to heal, and time for the weight-loss to stabilize.

Unfortunately, neither exercise nor diet will help tighten loose skin. Only plastic surgery can do that.your surgeon will be able to assess your needs and specialises in all areas of reconstructive bariatric plastic surgery following extreme weight loss, endeavouring to help patients look and feel better in their skin. These procedures include tummy tuckbrachioplasty (arm lift)thigh liftface liftneck liftbreast lift, and breast augmentation.

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